This systematic review is an effort to fill the knowledge gap about the effectiveness of Private Sector Development (PSD) interventions in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations (FCS). The objective of the review is to identify and extract evidence from published evaluations of PSD interventions in FCS on what has or has not worked in terms of achieving development results, including contributions to peace and stability. The review identified 312 published evaluations of PSD interventions carried out between 2005 and 2014, of which 56 constituted the final data set for the review analysis. The review covered evaluations in 23 countries classified as FCS by the World Bank from 2005-14 and three other countries that experienced conflict. Annex 1 shows how each of the 23 countries were categorized according to the country’s conflict status from the FCS list.
*Photo credit: SDM-IN-051 World Bank