Current emergency

Typhoon Mangkhut September 2018

| Cyclone

Philippines
| Asia

Overview of the situation

Tropical Cyclone Twenty Six formed over the North West Pacific Ocean north of Kwajalein (Marshall Islands) on 7 September and started moving north-west toward Guam. (ECHO, 7 Sep 2018) On 9 September at 00.00 UTC, its centre was located at 930 km east of the Northern Mariana Islands and at 1090 km northern-east of Guam, with a maximum sustained wind speed of 120 km/h (Category 1) (ECHO, 9 Sep 2018).

[FEMA] announced that federal emergency aid has been made available to the Northern Mariana Islands to supplement the Commonwealth and local response efforts due to the emergency conditions in the area affected by...Typhoon Mangkhut, from 10 September onward. (FEMA, 10 Sep 2018) Typhoon Mangkhut is the strongest storm to hit the Northern Marianas island of Rota since 2002 (Radio New Zealand Int'l, 12 Sep 2018).

According to the [PAGASA], Typhoon Mangkhut is expected to enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) around 14H00, 12 September 2018. It will be given the local name "Ompong." The strength and the size of the typhoon (700-900km wide) is expected to cause substantial damage in communities in the provinces of Apayao, Batanes, Ilocos Norte and Cagayan, and in the Babuyan Group of Islands. Around 2 million people (almost 450,000 households) live in these areas (IFRC, 12 Sep 2018).

The Government of Viet Nam is also preparing for Typhoon Mangkhut as it continues to move westward and likely to make landfall in the country between 17 and 18 Sep 2018 (AHA Centre, 13 Sep 2018).

Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong) made its landfall in Baggao, Cagayan in the early morning of 15 September and is expected to exit the [PAR] late Saturday night or early Sunday morning. The typhoon has caused landslides, damage to buildings and homes, and intermittent loss of power. According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, over 58,000 people are displaced, with more than 51,000 in evacuation centres in Region I, II, III, CAR. (OCHA, 15 Sep 2018)

As of 16 September (2 a.m., Manila time), Typhoon Mangkhut...has moved towards Southern China, having exited the [PAR] at 9 p.m. on 15 September. Tropical cyclone warning signals have been lifted, although the Southwest Monsoon may still bring winds and scattered rain over the northern Luzon and Central Visayas region. More than 250,000 people (63,769 families) in 30 provinces across Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA and CAR, are estimated to have been affected by the Typhoon...As of 10 a.m., 16 September, over 1,200 evacuation centres in Regions I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), and the National Capital Region (NCR) are currently sheltering nearly 138,000 people, while 16,000 people are staying with relatives or friends in Regions I, II, III, MIMAROPA, and CAR. (OCHA, 16 Sep 2018)

An estimated 4.6 million people are living in areas affected by the Typhoon. As of 17 September, 192,840 people are sheltering in 1,899 evacuation centres. (OCHA, 17 Sep 2018)

As of 19 September, more than one million people are affected in Region I, II, III CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, National Capital Region (NCR) and Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR). About 42 per cent of those are located in Region III, while 31 per cent are located in Region I. More than 148,000 people are displaced, with over 61,000 people seeking shelter in more than 471 evacuation centres, and more than 87,000 people staying with host families. Several affected regions continue to experience power interruptions as services are gradually being restored. The number of damaged houses continues to rise as responders reach previously isolated areas and assessment reports come in. (OCHA, 19 Sep 2018)

As of 21 September, more than 1.6 million people have reportedly been affected by Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong) which made landfall on 15 September. Regions I, II, III and CAR in northern and central Luzon are the most impacted. More than 128,000 people remain displaced, with over 54,000 people seeking shelter in more than 365 evacuation centres, and more than 74,000 people staying with host families. The Government has confirmed 23 deaths. More than 49,000 houses are reported damaged or destroyed, and over 288,000 farmers and fisherfolk severely affected. The national government estimates the total damage to infrastructure and agriculture to exceed PhP17.9 billion (US$340 million). (OCHA, 24 Sep 2018)

As of 27 September, the latest figures from the Department of Health – Cordillera Administrative Region (DOH-CAR) reported 100 deaths from Typhoon Ompong, mainly due to the landslide incident in Itogon, Benguet. There are 39 people who remain missing while 82 were reported injured and treated at the health facilities. A total of 156 local health facilities in Regions I, II and CAR were damaged due to the storm but all are still functioning and able to provide continuous health services to the affected population. (WHO, 27 Sep 2018)

To expedite the early recovery and rehabilitation phase for the affected families of Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named Ompong), the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has released the guidelines for the implementation of the Emergency Shelter Assistance (ESA) program to assist in the shelter reconstruction of typhoon survivors. The assistance program is expected to provide P30,000 to typhoon victims with totally-damaged houses, and P10,000 to families with partially-damaged houses. As of 4 October, here are 209,908 damaged houses reported in Regions I, II, III, and CAR. (Govt. of Philippines, 4 Oct 2018).

As of 6 October, more than 3 million people had been identified as affected, with over 14,000 people displaced. The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council has confirmed over 70 deaths and more than 130 injured. Over 210,000 homes had been reported as damaged, of which seven per cent (more than 14,000) are completely destroyed. (OCHA, 8 Oct 2018).

As reported, a total of 469,230 people was displaced to 3,678 evacuation centers and 628,006 people displaced to other locations. Those figures have dropped significantly to 897 people still in evacuation centers in Region III, CALABARZON and CAR; while 13,924 people are still displaced in the same regions while staying with host families (IFRC, 24 Oct 2018).

Key figures

Government, humanitarian and private sector actors are coordinating action on the ground to provide support and deliver aid to the people in need. Here the reported damage. 

340 million

Infrastructure and agriculture

210,000

Houses damaged

14,000

People displaced

Situation reports

Last updated: 15 Nov - 04:59 from ReliefWeb

SUMMARY

I. Status of Affected Families / Persons

A total of 931,892 families or 3,816,989 persons were affected in 6,504 barangays, 491 cities/municipalities, and 31 provinces in Regions NCR, I, II, III, CALABARZON, MIMAROPA, and CAR (see Table 1; Annex A for details).

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Infographic

Last updated: 30 Nov - 05:40 from ReliefWeb

For the past two months, two typhoons traversed the northern Luzon provinces. In September 2018, Typhoon Mangkhut (Ompong) made landfall in the Municipality of Baggao, Cagayan province with a peak intensity of more than 200 km/h. It was by far the most destructive typhoon this year. It caused over a million people displaced, damages to infrastructure and agricultural crops, thousands of houses destroyed and landslide in the highlands. Typhoon Yutu (Rosita) made landfall in October 2018 in the Municipality of Dinapigue, Isabela province, just a few hundred kilometres south of Typhoon Mangkhut’s path. With 150 km/h maximum sustained winds, Typhoon Yutu’s effects exacerbated the damages already inflicted by Typhoon Mangkhut, hampering the response and recovery efforts in the region. These two successive typhoons likewise affected 1,098 barangays within 100 kilometer radius along paths of both typhoons that resulted in repeated displacements in six provinces.

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Contact

To help, contact CBi at connectingbusiness@un.org or reach out to the Philippine Disaster Resilience Foundation at opscenter@pdrf.org.ph / +63 (2) 8442700.