Almost 900 million people are still living on less than two dollars a day and, in too many of the world’s poorest countries, progress is completely stuck. A great many of these countries are what are often called ‘fragile states’. They are blighted by conflict and corruption. Their governments lack the legitimacy and capacity to deliver the jobs, public services, and opportunities their people need. The latest estimates suggest that by 2030, half of the world’s poor will live in countries that are fragile. This report sets out clearly the characteristics of fragility, including the lack of basic security, inadequate government capacity, the absence of a properly functioning private sector, and the presence of divided societies. It also explores the wider consequences of fragility.
Photo credit: Dylan Lowthian/UNDP